By B. Indurkhya
Many metaphors transcend pionting to the present similarities among gadgets -- they convey the similarities. Such metaphors, that have been relegated to the again seat in lots of the cognitive technology learn, are the point of interest of realization during this examine, which addresses the production of similarity inside an elaborately laid out interactive framework of cognition. ranging from the constructivist perspectives of Nelson Goodman and Jean Piaget, this framework resolves an obvious paradox in interactionism: how can truth no longer have a mind-independent ontology and constitution, yet nonetheless have the capacity to constrain the potential worlds a cognitive agent can create in it?
A entire idea of metaphor is proposed during this framework that explains how metaphors can create similarities, and why such metaphors are a useful asset to cognition. The framework is then utilized to comparable problems with analogical reasoning, induction, and computational modeling of artistic metaphors.
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Extra info for Metaphor and Cognition: An Interactionist Approach (Studies in Cognitive Systems)
I t also leads us to some key i nsights i nto how the creation of s i m ilarity takes p l ace. P redict ive Analogy Finally, we come to the other sense of analogy t h at I ment ioned earlier, namely the process of predicting further s i m i l ar i ti es between two objects or events on the basis of some existing simil ar i ties between them. Here it i s assumed t h at the fact t hat t here are existing sim i l arities i s sufficient by i t self to 'j ustify ' the conclusion t hat there m i ght be other similarit i es as wel l .
Only t h ose t h at fell on good soi l brought forth grai n . ) I am l i m i t i ng myself here to the u se of t hese analogies to i l l ustrate certain features of an object or situat ion ( t he t arget ) by poi n t i n g the featu res of an analogous s i t u ation ( the sou rce) t h at is easier to understan d . The usc of analogies to make further i n ferences about the target is discussed later. All such simple analogies make use of a cogn i t i ve p rocess t h at is l i ke t he one used i n i nterpreti ng metaphors.
And so on. I t is im portant to clarify these issues , sin ce, as I show i n the next chapter, proportional analogies p rovide a key i n sight i nto solv i n g the riddle of creati ve metaphors. Chap ter 1: 31 Characterizing Metaphor 0 D A D B c D FIGURE 1 . 1 : A proportional analogy relation ( ' A is to B as C is to D ' ) involving geometric figures. A t least for proportional analogies i nvolving words , all t hese problems are easily addressed . For i nstance, in the gills-lungs analogy, fish and gills form one situat i o n , and humans and l ungs form the other s i t uation .